About Cuba

Map of Cuba

Capital: Havana

 

Location: Caribbean Sea, off the coast of the United States and Mexico, and at a distance of 180 km and 210 km, respectively.

 

Area: Exceeding 110,000 km2 with 5746 km of coastline protected by 4200 km of reef. The island has a length of 1250 km. Of the more than 200 rivers exist, the most important for its length and volume are the Cauto (370 km) and Toa (100 km), both in eastern and central provinces in the Sagua la Grande (163 km) , Zaza (155 km) and Caonao (133 km).

 

Terrain: Is predominantly flat, although there are three mountain areas: the Cordillera de Guaniguanico-in the province of Pinar del Rio, Sierra de Trinidad (Escambray) and the Sierra Maestra in Santiago de Cuba province, in this is the highest peak, the Turquino Peak (1,974 m). Also, in the eastern part of Cuba are the small mountains of Nipe, Cristal and Purial and the blades of Moa and Baracoa, all with heights ranging between 995 and 1231 m.

 

Population: 12,000,000 inhabitants. In Havana living just over 2 million people. Next in importance Santiago de Cuba (exceeds 450,000) and Camagüey (with more than 300,000). From a historical division of three provinces, was moved to another six and from December 1975 to the current 14 plus the special municipality of Isla de la Juventud.

 

Industry: The main are tourism, sugar, oil, snuff, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals. Among the agricultural crops are: sugar cane, snuff, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans. It is also important to livestock production. It boasts internationally recognized results in the fields of public health and education.

 

National Metrology Institutes

Cuba has declared three laboratories as NMI.

The principal is the National Research Institute of Metrology (INIMET) attached to the National Bureau of Standards.


Another declared NMI is the Center of Isotopes (CENTIS) belonging to the Nuclear Agency of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment of Cuba.

 

 

The other is the Center for Radiation Protection and Hygiene (CPHR).

 

 

Last Update: 30.01.2017 | Disclaimer & Copyright | Print-Version
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