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April 2, 2019, Dresden, Germany: 17th meeting of Joint Committee for Measurement Standards

 

Emergence of Metrology in Cuba

In Cuba the activities organized in the field of Legal Metrology back to the eighties of the nineteenth century, when by royal decree of April 22, 1882, established the application of the Metric System, effective from 1st. January 1988. Later, during the U.S. intervention of 1899 several military orders were issued in this area, and units of measures were introduced in English system. In the neocolonial republic, and from 1902 issued several documents providing details on the implementation of the Metric and English system conversions.


Beginning in 1959, with the triumph of the Revolution several resolutions issued by the Ministry of Commerce on the mandatory use of the Metric System in commercial activities, tables on its main units, and record of weigh media. At this stage actually begins the process of organizing metrological activity, through the Standards Department of the Ministry of Commerce in 1960 and National Laboratory of Standards and Industrial Processes in the Central Planning Board and subsequently in 1962 with the creation of the Directorate for Standards and Metrology, Ministry of Industry, when began the actual development of metrology in the country.


On August 28, 1964 in a document signed by the President of the Republic provides for the official use and compulsory throughout the national territory of the tables of equivalence of "Units of Weights and Measures. In 1978 by agreement of the Executive Committee of the Council of Ministers, has approved the broad principles for Standardization, Metrology and Quality Control, which establishes the organization of metrological work in the country, as well as organs that implement it.


Decree Law 62 of December 30, 1982 provided for the use in the Republic of Cuba in the International System of Units (SI) adopted in 1960 by the General Conference of Weights and Measures.


In April 1994, Decree 147, creating the National Bureau of Standards, ascribed to the Ministry of Economy and Planning, which assumes the functions of the State Committee for Standardization extinct. In 2002 is transferred to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment.


The National Bureau of Standards (Office) provides continuity for metrology in the country through Metrology laboratories that are part of it system, and assumes control and metrological traceability relationships with a network of Metrology Laboratory in organisms and businesses.


The general director of the Office is Dr. Nancy Fernandez Gonzalez and his director of metrology is Dr. Martin Antunez


The top of the pyramid of the laboratory network in Cuba is the National Research Institute of Metrology (INIMET) . There are also four Regional Centers of Metrology (in the cities of Santa Clara, Camaguey, Holguin and Santiago de Cuba) and 10 provincial laboratories scattered and that cover 100% of the territory. All these laboratories are adhering to the National Bureau of Standards.
In addition, more than 70 calibration and testing laboratories in the business sector, of which 28 are accredited by the National Accreditation Body of the Republic of Cuba (ONARC).


There is also progress in the adoption of a large group of technical and organizational documents recommended by the International Organization of Legal Metrology in the country.

Among the priority tasks of the Office is also perfecting the legal basis of Metrology. Traceability to SI measurements in the field of legal metrology is concerned the National Metrology Service (SENAMET).


Last Update: 21.03.2019 | Disclaimer & Copyright | Print-Version
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